Analysis of competitive programs in cheerleading (on the example of student teams)

T.M. Kravchuk, S.A. Bybel, A.V. Biletska


The purpose - to analyze the compositions of competitive programs for cheerleading on the example of student teams and to identify the features of their structure and content that affect the evaluation of performances. Material and methods. The study involved members of the 9 student teams for the cheerleading of the universities of Kharkov (only 75 people). Research methods: study and analysis of literature, conversations with coaches and athletes, analysis of videos and protocols of competitions, correlation analysis. Results. As a result of the study, the structure and content of the compositions of competitive programs of student teams performing in the category of cheerleading are analyzed. The value of the elements, constructions and reconstructions used in the cheerleading is revealed and their influence on the evaluation of performances is revealed. It is shown that the sum of points received by athletes at competitions depends on saturation of competitive programs with a large number of elements of different structural groups. The constant movement of the team members during the performance in order to create a variety of constructions and movements in them also has a positive impact on the judges, which is expressed in high marks for the composition. The average connection between the performance score and the number of combinations of cheer movements is explained by the fact that these movements are the most accessible of the elements of the cheer dance and their performance does not require special physical training. The weak dependence found between the number of dance combinations and the number of different fragments of the chosen musical accompaniment and the total amount of points for the performance indicates a slight influence of these features of the construction of competitive compositions on the assessment for the performance. Conclusions.. The analysis of competitive programs in cheer leading and the identification of the influence of their main components on the refereeing evaluation made it possible to develop a method of making compositions for student teams in category cheer dance. The technique includes the following stages: selection and arrangement of the phonogram; selection of elements of different groups of difficulties provided by the rules of the competition; selection in accordance with the phonogram of the performance of dance combinations, cheer movements; combination of elements and dance combinations, as well as combinations of cheer movements into separate fragments of the program and the composition as a whole; development of styles of costumes for performances.


cheerleading, cheer dance, students, composition; competitive programs; content; structure


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