Comparative characteristics of anthropometric indicators, level of physical and technical readiness of young players of 12 and 15 years of different playing fields

Zh.L. Kozina, A. Leemans, J. Marino, J. Cruz, A.A. Golenkov, V.V. Dubich


Purpose: To develop model characteristics of physical and technical fitness of players of 12 and 15 years of different playing roles.

Material and methods. The study was attended by football players of 12 and 15 years of sport school "Areal" Kharkiv, in which the developed technologies were applied in the educational process. In total, 23 forvards, 28 midfielders, 30 defenders and 15 goalkeepers were invited for the survey. Indicators of the running time of segments of 15 m from the course, 30 m from the course and 60 m from the course were determined; shuttle running time 5 to 20 m. Determined the length and weight of the body; Heart rate at rest and heart rate after a shuttle run. From the technical readiness indicators were determined: the time of holding the soccer ball on the foot; juggling, that is, the number of shots of the ball with the foot without losing the ball; time to run a soccer ball on a mission; goal kicks for accuracy; strikes the ball at flight range.

Results. Young players of 12 and 15 years of different game specializations differ in terms of physical and technical fitness. The largest number of significant differences were found in the technical readiness of football players for 15 years. Field players at speed capabilities are significantly superior to goalkeepers. Goalkeepers, on the contrary, have lower running speeds. The level of speed endurance is relatively high for defenders and midfielders, as opposed to goalkeepers. The obtained data allowed us to build models of physical development, physical and technical readiness of players of 12 and 15 years of different playing fields, on the basis of which training programs for representatives of different playing roles can be developed.

Conclusions. The data obtained indicate the need for a differentiated approach in the training process of young football players, taking into account their playing role. The differentiated approach is more relevant at the age of 15 compared to the age of 12.


football; game play; physical fitness; technical readiness; anthropometric indicators

Full Text:



Sobko IM, Kozina ZhL, Andruhiv VM, Seryi AV, Ayaz Ahmad. Model characteristics of physical development, physical and technical preparedness of football players 15 years of different roles. Health, sport, rehabilitation, 2018; 4(2): 106-114. doi:10.34142/HSR.2018.04.02.10

Gastin PB, Tangalos C, Torres L, Robertson S. Match running performance and skill execution improves with age but not the number of disposals in young Australian footballers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2017;35(24):2397-2404.

Pizarro AP, Dominguez AM, Serrano JS, Garcia-Gonzalez L, Alvarez FD. Effects of a comprehensive teaching program on dribbling and passing decision-making and execution skills of young footballers. Kinesiology, 2017;49(1):74-83.

Kozina Z. Factor models of the physical preparedness of volleyball players of a high class of various game role. Pedagogy, Psychology and medical and biological problems of physical education and sport, 2007;9: 80-85.

Kozina ZL, Ol’khovyj OM, Temchenko VA. Influence of information technologies on technical fitness of students in sport-oriented physical education. Physical education of students, 2016;1:21–28.

Varley I, Hughes DC, Greeves JP. Increased training volume improves bone density and cortical area in adolescent football players. International journal of sports medicine, 2017, 38(5):341-346.

Campos E, Pereira R, Alves I, Mineiro AS, Scorcine C, Madureira F. Physical and behavioral analysis of young athletes practicing field football, during different training designs [in Portuguese]. Rev Bras Futsal Futebol. 2017;9(32):16–20.

Polevoy G. The development of the ability to equilibrium football players 10–11 years with different nervous system. Pak J Med Health Sci. 2018;12(1):496–499.

Aksoy Y, Agaoglu SA. The comparison of sprint reaction time and anaerobic power of young football players, volleyball players and wrestlers. Kinesiol Slov. 2017;23(2):5–14.

Figueira B, Gonçalves B, Masiulis N, Sampaio J. Exploring how playing football with different age groups affects tactical behaviour and physical performance. Biol Sport. 2018;35(2):145–153; doi: 10.5114/biolsport.2018.71603.

Arrieta P, Castellano J, Guridi I, Echeazarra I. Effects of a program based on small-sided games on the physical condition in young football players [in Spanish]. Rev Int Cienc Deporte. 2017;13(50):370–380; doi: 10.5232/ricyde2017.05004

Bolotin A, Bakayev V. Pedagogical conditions necessary for effective speed-strength training of young football players (15–17 years old). J Hum Sport Exerc. 2017;12(2):405–413; doi: 10.14198/jhse.2017.122.17.

Jaafar Z, Kee J, Abdul Hadi H, Ahmad Tajuddin NA. Anthropometrical and fitness level changes following a 12-week walking football program for obese primary school children aged 8–11. Med Sport. 2018;71(3):451–460; doi: 10.23736/s0025-7826.18.03285-4.

Pons RA, Villacampa SF, Canada AP. Anthropometric profile characterization of youth players from the Angolan Football Academy [in Portuguese]. Rev Bras Futsal Futebol. 2018;10(37):138–149.

Da Silva IM, Palma A, Ramos SP, Galvão PVM, Simão R, Costa e Silva G, et al. Somatotypological analysis in football athletes with age between nine and twenty years: a transversal study [in Portuguese]. Rev Bras Futsal Futebol. 2019;11(42):111–118.

Grabara M. Analysis of body posture between young football players and their untrained peers. Hum Mov. 2012;13(2):120–126; doi: 10.2478/v10038-012-0012-7.

Neogi A, Chakraborty C, Chatterjee S, Dey SK. Anthropometric profiles and pulmonary function parameters of male football & hockey players according to their specific playing position: a comparative study. Int J Appl Exerc Physiol. 2018;7(3):10–23; doi: 10.30472/ijaep.v7i3.233.

Clemente FM, Nikolaidis PT, Linden CMI, Silva B. Effects of small-sided soccer games on internal and external load and lower limb power: a pilot study in collegiate players. Hum Mov. 2017;18(1):50–57; doi: 10.1515/humo-2017-0007.

Jaworska L, Hawrylak A, Burzyński B, Szczepańska-Gieracha J. Effect of progressive muscle relaxation on pain threshold and effectiveness of footballers’ training. Hum Mov. 2015;16(4):225–228; doi: 10.1515/humo-2015-0043.

Chromik K, Burdukiewicz A, Pietraszewska J, Stachoń A, Wolański P, Goliński D. Characteristics of anteroposterior curvatures of the spine in soccer and futsal players. Hum Mov. 2017;18(4):49–54; doi: 10.1515/humo-2017-0039.

Gonçalves E, Gonzaga AS, Cardoso FSL, Teoldo I. Anticipation in soccer: a systematic review. Hum Mov. 2015;16(2):91–101; doi: 10.1515/humo-2015-0032


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Health, sport, rehabilitation

License Creative Commons BY