Factor structure of the comprehensive preparedness of shooters 14-15 years old, specializing in shooting from classic bow

I.M. Sobko, A.L. Kovtun, L.O. Ulaeva

Abstract


The purpose of the work: to determine the factor structure of the complex preparedness of shooters of 14-15 years who specialize in the Classic bow, for rational construction of the training process of athletes of this age category.

Material and methods. The experiment was attended by 16 bow-shooters (girls) aged 14-15 years old, specializing in Classic bow, sport school "Avangard" in Kyiv. The experiment was conducted in the preparatory period, September 2018. The archers were tested for physical fitness (shuttle running 4x9m, push-ups 30 s, jumping with skipping-rope, running 30 m, Romberg test, hanging on bent hands at an angle of 90˚, jump in length from place, raising the torso to a sitting position, dynamometry of the right and left hands), technical preparedness (holding the bow in the "stretch", archery 18 m, archery 60 m, stretching the bow on the right and left hand for 30 s). The obtained data were processed mathematically using factor analysis methods.

Results. The factor structure of physical and technical preparedness of shooters, which are at the stage of specialized basic training, is established. Five factors were identified: static power endurance, dynamic power endurance, coordination capabilities, speed capabilities, strength capabilities.

Conclusions. It is revealed that the most important indicators of the complex training of archers 14-15 years old are the indicators of shooting in the open air and indicators of the static strength of the archer, as well as indicators of shooting in the room and indicators of the dynamic endurance of the archer, indicating the dependence of physical and technical training. The use of rational means and methods of physical and technical training in the training process of athletes is recommended.


Keywords


archery; shooters; factor analysis; technical preparedness; physical preparedness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Vinogradsky BA. Sports archery: fundamentals and improvements of special preparedness. Monograph: LDUFK;2012.

Symanovich PG. Means and methods of integrated control young archers. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2005;4:82-88.

Antonov SV, Pityn MP. Effectiveness of qualified riflemen archery in control exercises with difficult conditions performance. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2011;9:8-10.

Artiuh, V, Kozina Z, Koval V, Safronov D, Fomin S, Novikov Y. Influence of application of special means of development of equilibrium and precision-target movements on the level and structure of psychophysiological indicators, physical and technical readiness of archers. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation. 2019;4(4):7-16. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2536441.

Lankford DE, Higginson B. The effect of fatigue and elevated heart rate on archery shot performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2016;48(5):858-858. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000487571.81523.18

Lantz K, Webste J, Krueger J. The effects of monocular versus binocular aiming on archery performance. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. 2018;59(9):2962-2967.

Tarasova LV, Mankhanov ZS. Special performance of highly qualified arrow arrows. Theory and methods of high performance sport. 2014;9:44-46.

Korobeinikova EY, Leonov SV, Polikanova IS. Psychological features of attention in archery. National Psychological Journal. 2017;2:35–45. doi: 10.11621/npj.2017.0205.

Ariffin MS, Rambely AS, Ariff NM. Wrist muscle activity of khatrah approach in mameluke technique using traditional bow archery. University-Kebangsaan-Malaysia, Faculty-of-Science-and-Technology (UKM FST) Postgraduate Colloquium. Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Fac Sci & Technol, Selangor. 2018;1940:12-13.

Simsek D, Cerrah AO, Ertan HA. Сomparison of the ground reaction forces of archers with different levels of expertise during the arrow shooting. Science & sports. 2019;34(2):137-145.

Taha Z, Musa RM, Majeed PP. The identification of high potential archers based on fitness and motor ability variables: A Support Vector Machine approach. Human movement science. 2018;57:184-193.

Shinohara H, Urabe Y. Analysis of muscular activity in archery: a comparison of skill level. Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 2018;58(12):1752-1758.

Muazu MR, Majeed AP, Abdul T, Zahari T, Siow WC. A machine learning approach of predicting high potential archers by means of physical fitness indicators. S. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(1):e0209638. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209638

Nabavinik M, Abaszadeh A, Mehranmanesh M. Especial skills in experienced archers. Journal of motor behavior. 2018;50(3):249-253.

Sobko IN, Ulaeva LA, Yakovenko YA. Factorial structure of physical rehabilitation group students’ complex fitness. Physical education of students. 2016;20(2):32-37.

Shepelenko T, Kozina Z, Cieślicka M, Prusik K, Muszkieta R, Sobko I, Ryepko O, Bazilyuk T, Polishchuk S, Osiptsov A, Kostiukevych V. Factor structure of aerobics athletes preparation. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2017;21(6):345-352.

Kozina ZhL, Cieslicka M, Prusik K, Muszkieta R, Sobko IN, Ryepko OA, Bazilyuk TA, Polishchuk SB, Osiptsov AV, Korol SA. Algorithm of athletes’ fitness structure individual features’ determination with the help of multidimensional analysis (on example of basketball). Physical education of students. 2017;21(5):225-238.

Kozina Z, Bazilyuk T, Boyko A. Analysis of the structure of the integrated preparedness of qualified handball players using the methods of multivariate analysis. Health, sport, rehabilitation. 2017;3(2):15-24. doi: http: //dx.doi.org/10.34142/zenodo.1109904.

Kozina Z, Khrapov S, Yevstratov S, Kolomiets N, Hryshchenko S, Minenok A, Nosko I. Individual factor structure of qualified volleyball players' preparedness. Health, sport, rehabilitation. 2019;5(1):56-65. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.01.06

Baydychenko TV, Arkhipova EA, Shakirov RV. Improving the technical performance of the athletes, classic bow shooters. Scholarly notes. 2014;3(109):19-25. DOI: 10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2014.03.109.p19-25

Gonzalez CC, Causer J, Grey MJ. Exploring the quiet eye in archery using field- and laboratory-based tasks. Experimental brain research. 2017;235(9):2843-2855

Simsek D, Cerrah AO, Ertan H. Muscular coordination of movements associated with arrow release in archery. South african journal for research in sport physical education and recreation. 2018;40(1):141-155.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.02.11

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Health, sport, rehabilitation

License Creative Commons BY